Learn What is Trojan Horse in Cyber Security & Stay Safe

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Learn What is Trojan Horse in Cyber Security & Stay Safe

Do you want to learn what a Trojan Horse in cyber security & how to stay safe from it? Well, you can learn it by reading this amazing article based on deep research about how a Trojan works for the hacker and how it affects your life. Now, without wasting any time, let’s get through this!

What is a Trojan Horse in the computer?

A Trojan horse is a kind of virus that has malicious code inside it yet looks harmless. Deceiving people into running it, malware frequently poses as helpful files or software. When it is triggered, it can cause system disruptions, steal data, or grant unauthorized users access to the machine.

How do Trojans work?

A Trojan Horse works in the following ways:

S.No. Factors How?
1. Disguising as Legitimate Software They frequently pose as helpful or innocuous files or programs to trick users.
2. User Execution They mainly propagate via email attachments, downloads from dubious websites, or software upgrades that consumers unintentionally download and run.
3. Malicious Actions Trojans can carry out a multitude of destructive tasks once they are launched, including obtaining private data (credit card numbers, passwords), monitoring user activity, altering or erasing files, and granting attackers remote access.
4. Silent Operation They are generally difficult to find and eliminate because they usually run in the background silently and without the user’s awareness.
5. Exploiting Vulnerabilities Trojan horses can infiltrate networks and access systems by taking advantage of security flaws in software.
6. Facilitating Further Malware They may also act as a backdoor for more malware, enabling the installation of more nefarious apps without the user’s knowledge or permission.

Most Common Types of Trojan Malware

The following are the most typical forms of Trojan malware:

  1. Backdoor Trojan: It gives an attacker remote access so they can take over the compromised computer.
  2. Downloader Trojan: It unintentionally downloads and installs further malware onto the compromised system.
  3. Banking Trojan: It targets financial data, including banking information and login passwords, frequently by using form-grabbing or keyboard tracking.
  4. Ransomware Trojan: Files on the compromised system are encrypted, and a ransom is required to unlock them.
  5. Rootkit Trojan: Alters system files and processes to conceal dangerous malware and prevent discovery and removal.
  6. Remote Access Trojan (RAT): It gives the attacker remote access to the compromised machine, allowing them to carry out several nefarious tasks.
  7. Fake AV Trojan: It pretends to be a trustworthy antivirus program, but in reality, it compromises the system or demands money for phony security fixes.

How do Trojans infect devices?

S.No. Ways How?
1. Social Engineering Trojans can proliferate using social engineering techniques like:

●     <span class=’highlight-answer’>Phishing emails or messages that trick users into downloading or installing malware</span>.

●     Fake patches or updates for software that seem authentic but really include dangerous code.

●     Spoofing webpages or chat messages to trick people into downloading and installing malicious software.

2. Drive-by Downloads A drive-by download, in which malware is downloaded and installed without the user’s intervention, might result from visiting a hacked website.
3. Infected Software or Apps A device might become infected by downloading and installing malicious software or apps. This may occur as a result of:

●     <span class=’highlight-answer’>Infected software updates or patches</span>.

●     Downloading programs from unreliable websites.

●     Using unapproved app shops to install apps.

4. USB Drives or Other External Devices Trojans can propagate to linked devices via infected USB drives or other external devices.
5. Network Vulnerabilities Trojans can proliferate by taking advantage of network vulnerabilities through:

●     <span class=’highlight-answer’>Unpatched vulnerabilities in software or firmware</span>.

●     Inadequate authentication or passwords.

●     WiFi connections or unprotected networks.

6. Malvertising Devices can become infected with malicious advertising, or malvertising, through:

●     Pop-ups or advertisements with malware on trustworthy websites.

●     Executing malicious links or advertisements.

7. Infected Files or Documents Trojan infections can result from opening compromised files or documents, including:

●     <span class=’highlight-answer’>Infected Word documents or PDFs</span>.

●     Executable files or programs contaminated.

8. Rogue Antivirus Software Devices can get infected with fake antivirus software by:

●     Claiming to be able to identify fictitious viruses and pressuring consumers to buy a phony fix.

●     Installing further Trojans or viruses.

9. Compromised Networks Trojans can propagate to linked devices via compromised networks or servers.
10. Insider Threats Insider threats, which include malicious contractors or employees, can purposefully install Trojan horses on networks or devices.

To defend against Trojan infections, you must:

●     Update operating systems and software.

●     Make sure two-factor authentication is enabled and use strong passwords.

●     When downloading apps or software, exercise caution.

●     Refrain from opening dubious attachments or emails.

●     Make use of a firewall and antivirus software.

●     Make regular data backups and employ encryption.

●     Keep an eye on logs and network activity.

●     Inform users on best practices for online security and safety.

How do you prevent Trojan Horse Attacks?

  1. Use Antivirus Software:

To identify and get rid of Trojans before they can do any damage, install reliable antivirus software on every device and make sure it is kept up to date.

2. Update Operating Systems and Software:

Update your operating system, programs, and plugins on a regular basis to fix security holes that Trojan horses can exploit.

3. Exercise Caution with Email Attachments:

Refrain from opening attachments in emails from unidentified or dubious sources. Please confirm the legitimacy of the attachment before opening it, even if the sender seems familiar.

4. Be Cautious of Downloads:

Download files and software only from reliable sources. Make sure websites are legitimate, and whenever you can, get apps from the official shops.

5. Enable Firewall Protection:

To help avoid Trojan infections, activate and configure your devices’ firewalls to monitor and block unauthorized access attempts.

6 Educate Users:

Instruct staff members and users on safe computing techniques, like how to spot phishing emails and dubious websites and how to stay away from clicking on unidentified links.

7. Limit User Privileges:

Limit the ability of users to install software and modify the system. To lessen the effects of a Trojan infestation, apply the concept of least privilege.

8. Backup Data Regularly:

Important data should be regularly backed up and stored securely. If your data is taken captive by a Trojan attack, you can recover it without having to pay a ransom.

9. Use Behavior-based Detection:

Put in place security solutions that utilize behavior-based detection techniques to spot unusual or suspect activity on your systems.

10. Monitor Network Traffic:

Keep an eye out for any odd connections or patterns in network activity that might point to a Trojan attempting to get in touch with its command-and-control server.

How harmful is a Trojan horse?

Trojan horses can be extremely dangerous since they pose as trustworthy programs to trick users into running them, which can result in data theft, system damage, or unwanted access. Its capacity to work covertly once within a system, which frequently results in serious security breaches and compromises personal or organizational data, is what makes it dangerous. To lessen its effects, early detection and prevention are essential.

Advantages of Trojan Horse

S.No. Advantages Define
1. Stealth ●     Trojans are hard to identify since they frequently masquerade as trustworthy programs or files.

●     They can get around security measures by pretending to be something else.

2. Remote Access ●     Trojans have the ability to give attackers remote access to compromised systems.

●     Attackers can carry out a number of tasks with this access, including data theft, the installation of new software, and user activity tracking.

3. Data Theft ●     Sensitive data, including financial information, login passwords, and personal information, can be stolen via trojans.

●     Then, this stolen information may be sold on the dark web or utilized for identity fraud.

4. System Damage ●     Files on the compromised system may be corrupted, altered, or deleted by Trojans.

●     This may result in the loss of crucial data and interfere with the system’s regular operation.

5. Botnet Creation ●     A botnet is an adversarial network of compromised computers that can be formed from infected systems.

●     Botnets can be used for a number of things, such as mining cryptocurrency, sending out spam, and initiating Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.

6. Persistence ●     Trojans frequently have features that make sure they stay on the system despite reboots and attempts to uninstall them.

●     They can turn off security software or do a self-reinstall.

7. Distribution ●     Trojan horses are easily spread through phishing websites, email attachments and software bundles.

●     Attackers can more easily and broadly disseminate their malware as a result.

8. Exploitation of Trust ●     Trojans take advantage of people’s faith in particular programs or sources by posing as trustworthy software.

●     This makes it more likely that consumers may install the infection without realizing it.

9. Targeted Attacks ●     Trojans can be modified to launch focused assaults on particular people or companies.

●     They can therefore be used for targeted data theft or cyber espionage.

10. Versatility ●     Trojans can be designed to carry out a large number of nefarious tasks.

●     They are a useful tool for attackers with a variety of goals because of their adaptability.

Disadvantages of Trojan Horse

Trojan horses have a number of “advantages” to attackers, but they also carry a number of serious risks and disadvantages for both the attacker and the potential victim. The following are some salient points:

Disadvantages for Attackers:

  1. Detection and Removal
  2. Tracing and Legal Consequences
  3. Resource Intensive
  4. Unintended Spread
  5. Dependency on User Action

Disadvantages for Victims:

  1. Data Loss and Corruption
  2. Financial Loss
  3. Privacy Breach
  4. System Performance Issues
  5. Network Security Compromise
  6. Reputation Damage
  7. Legal and Compliance Issues

General Disadvantages:

  1. Global Impact
  2. Escalation of Cyber Threats

What was the first Trojan horse attack?

The “Animal” program, developed by John Walker in 1975, was the first Trojan horse attack ever recorded. The game appeared innocent enough, but when it was played, it secretly copied itself to other directories. This was the first instance of misleading software being used for illegal reasons.


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Frequently Asked Questions

About Learn What is Trojan Horse in Cyber Security & Stay Safe

1. What is a Trojan Horse?

Malware that poses as trustworthy software in order to trick users into downloading it and grant illegal access or harm to their computers is known as a Trojan horse.

2. Is the Trojan Horse virus illegal?

Indeed, it is against the law to create, distribute, or use Trojan horse viruses; this is known as cybercrime.

3. Is Trojan Horse a cybercrime?

It is true that using or spreading Trojan horses is regarded as a cybercrime.

4. Is the Trojan Horse story real?

The tale of the Trojan Horse is found in Greek literature; it is not based on a real-life incident.

5. Who won the Trojan War?

The mythology of ancient Greece states that the Greeks prevailed in the Trojan War.

6. Why is it called the Trojan Horse?

It is named after the mythical Trojan Horse, an illusory wooden horse that the Greeks used to sneak into and overthrow Troy.

7. What is the most famous Trojan attack?

The most well-known Trojan attack is the Zeus Trojan, which is infamous for obtaining financial and banking data.

8. Can antivirus stop Trojan horse?

Antivirus software can identify and eliminate Trojan horses, but because malware strategies are always changing, its efficacy isn’t always 100% guaranteed.

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